The graduates of nursing training, called Nurses, form the largest proportion of the human resources for health in Kenya. Nurses have diverse roles in the Kenyan system, for example, they are responsible for administering drugs, monitoring patient progress, keeping records of patients and other multiple roles and responsibilities. At the hospital level, they assist the Clinical Officers and Medical Officers in providing care for the patients in the outpatient and those admitted in the ward. They also play an important role in prevention of disease, by providing health education, managing immunizations and family planning services. Most dispensaries in Kenya are managed by Nurses and most of them are responsible for delivery and child health services at all levels of the healthcare system.
Trauma And Emergency Response
The graduates referred to as Trauma and Emergency Responders, are frontline health workers trained to promptly respond to emergencies related to injuries. Their work is to ensure appropriate handling of injured patients; their safe transportation from one place to another, as required; treatment of injuries, where possible; and stabilization and referral of those that need specialized treatment. They are also involved in preventive campaigns to reduce the incidence of acute injury and to educate individuals and communities on what they can do themselves when accidents or catastrophic incidents occur. They can, therefore, work at community level, on ambulances and in accident and emergency departments in hospitals
The graduates referred to as Community Health Workers (CHW) are becoming more and more recognized within Kenya and the world over. They form the backbone of primary healthcare and community-oriented preventive, promotive and rehabilitative services. Previously, most CHWs were employed by non-governmental organizations. The Kenyan government, then, relied on volunteers to implement community health activities. However, with the push towards universal health care, the Kenyan government has started employing CHWs to participate in prevention and early detection of disease at community level. CHWs participate in preventive campaigns, give health education, advice and support critically ill patients to seek medical help, and collect health related data at community level. This is an important course of the near and distant future, as most countries adopt universal healthcare strategies.
Nutrition And Dietetics
The graduates are referred to as Nutritionists and Dieticians. They work with both healthy and sick people to prescribe the required food substances depending on individual needs. They apply their knowledge in food nutrition to advice healthy people to stay healthy by eating a balanced and nutritious diet, and those that are sick to get better or prevent progression of their disease by eating right foods in right amounts. Nutritionists and Dieticians, therefore, work both in the community and in the hospitals, as employees or private practitioners, to manage food related human health problems. Their scope of work touches people at all social and economic levels of society
Clinical Medicine And Surgery
The graduates of the course are called Clinical Officers. They are generally the first-line healthcare workers who see patient who come to a health facility. They diagnose and treat most of the common conditions and injuries, on out-patients basis. They refer very sick or complicated cases to Medical Officers or Specialists. In addition, they also work in management positions at health centre and county hospital levels, and in programs that focus on prevention of disease.
The graduates are referred to as Hospital Caterers. They are trained under the nutrition and dietetics department to interpret prescribed patient diets and prepare meals that are nutritious and palatable to patients, despite their change in taste. They need to apply their knowledge in food nutrition and patients’ altered taste due to disease processes, to prepare meals that patients can tolerate and hence deliver the required nutrition value in cooked food for the patient, depending on the diet prescription by nutritionist and / or dieticians.
Hospital Systems Support Management
The graduates of the course, referred to as Hospital Systems Support Managers, are trained to evaluate, design, monitor and coordinated various hospital maintenance workers, to achieve optimal, effective and efficient systems operations and / or outputs. They are not technicians, but they act as coordinators, who are required to understand the concepts and principles behind every system that supports the operations in the hospital or any institution of a similar nature, for purposes of being able to monitor and evaluate their effectiveness and efficiencies, and consequently improve them further to achieve optimal delivery of services.